RE-SERVE: Renewables in a Stable Electric Grid

Project Overview

RE-SERVE: Renewables in a Stable Electric Grid logo

Towards integration of renewables to reach 100% penetration the TSSG are assisting in the analyses of the shift and emerging roles for grid players, such as TSOs, and DSOs, and looking at the feasibility of a grid architectures that includes 5G based ICT. This architecture has to be in line with the EU’s energy and climate policy, such as SET-Plan, and must consider future grid scenarios with 100% RES.

TSSG are developing the corresponding ICT infrastructure requirements  which will be required to transmit in a fast, reliably, and securely way the wide area field measurements and commands for voltage and frequency management control systems.

TSSG are also hosting ICT infrastructure to support the field trial testbed of the ESB for the voltage control concepts in Ireland.

Project Summary 

Future energy systems will use renewable energy sources to minimise CO2 emissions. Currently large generators powered by fossil fuel turbines maintain the stability and quality of energy supplies through their inertia. The inertia of these generator-turbine groups gives providers a significant time window in which to react to network events. We urgently need to find ways to stabilise energy systems with up to 100% RES (where inertia is often lost due to power converter mediated energy transfer) to generate “RE-SERVEs” so that society can relax in the knowledge that it has a stable and sustainable energy supply.

RE-SERVE will address this challenge by researching new energy system concepts, implemented as new system support services enabling distributed, multi-level control of the energy system using pan-European unified network connection codes. Near real-time control of the distributed energy network will be enabled by innovative 5G based ICT. Energy system use case scenarios supplied by energy providers will form the basis of energy system models. Performance characteristics of the new control mechanisms will be investigated through integration of energy simulations and live 5G communications.


RE-SERVE is creating a pan-European multi-site simulation test-bed, bringing together the best facilities in Europe.

RE-SERVE results include published models of system support services, innovative architectures for the implementation of the services, performance tests on our pan-European real-time simulation, and live, test-beds,

a model for pan-European unified network connection codes and actions to promote results to standardisation organisations, all of which maintain the RE-SERVE in energy systems. Commercialisation of results will result in breakthroughs in the efficient utilisation of use of renewables, a spin-off and a wide range of enhanced professional solutions and services.

Project Implementation

The project is 3 years in length (2016-2019 and there are 9 workpackages:

  • WP1: System Level Work for RES integration
  • WP2; Frequency stability by design
  • WP3: Voltage stability by design
  • WP4: Pan-European real time simulation Infrastructure and live 5G testing platform
  • WP5: Test-beds for validation of research results
  • WP6: Regulatory, legal issues & business models for RES
  • WP7: Creating Impact with RE-SERVE
  • WP8: Project Management
  • WP9: Ethics requirements

Key Objectives

RE-SERVE will produce a framework for stabilising energy systems with up to 100% RES integration, expressed as

  • A set of new research concepts for fast voltage and frequency control,
  • New ethical business models to support 100% RES integration in today energy systems,
  • A pan-European real-time simulation infrastructure, implemented as theinterconnection of facilities at 4 universities, to validate the fast frequency and voltage control concepts during the project, and to support, after the end of the project, regulators and energy stakeholders in general in defining the energy transition process,
  • Guidelines on the implementation of a new structure for Ancillary Services together with the corresponding measurements required to enable the European Internal Energy market to the completed,
  • An adaptation and harmonisation of today’s network codes to support the implementation of the new structure of Ancillary Services,
  • Demonstration of fast voltage control in a live field trial on the Irish power network, which shall show increased overall distribution system utilisation, supporting an increased penetration of distributed renewable energy sources (increasing load –> reduce wind curtailment).
  • Feasibility study of fast frequency control based on real-time hardware in the loop experimentation, and laboratory small-scale demonstration emulating the Romanian network use-case,
  • Requirements on 5G ICTfor supporting energy systems with up to 100% RES integration, for promotion in standards bodies in the energy and communications sectors, and
  • A spin-off company providing services and support for pan-European real-time simulation facilities.




 Miguel Ponce de Leon